Is Dry Needling and Acupuncture the Same Thing

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Is Dry Needling and Acupuncture the Same Thing? 📍📌

In the field of physiotherapy, two needling methods often come up – Dry Needling and Acupuncture. These two techniques might both involve needles, but they differ in their origins, goals, and uses. Let’s explore the differences more in-depth.

Dry Needling: 🌐📍

This method includes penetrating the skin with needles that are aimed at altered or dysfunctional tissue. It’s regularly used to needle muscle trigger points to achieve reflexive muscle relaxation.

Western Acupuncture: 🎯🔍

This technique adopts traditional needling meridians and trigger points but is adapted to Western anatomy. It aims to create local tissue changes, as well as effects in the spine and brain to provide pain relief and improve muscle function. However, Western acupuncture is not seen as a traditional Chinese medicine practice.

Traditional Acupuncture: 🎎🌐

This practice finds its roots in traditional Chinese medicine. It includes the use of meridian lines and points that are based on traditional evaluation methods.

Safety Standards: 🚨📜

Physiotherapists who are trained in either acupuncture or dry needling adhere to safety standards.

These standards are regulated by the Australian Health Practitioners Regulatory Agency and Physiotherapy Registration Board.

They include mandatory training levels, registration, and safety measures for the protection of the public.

Side Effects: 🩹💉

Minor side effects can include pain, bleeding, or bruising from the needle insertion (common).

Major adverse events such as pneumothorax or excessive bleeding are rare.

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Aspect Dry Needling Western Acupuncture Traditional Acupuncture Safety Standards Side effects 
Definition Involves needling altered or dysfunctional tissue. Uses traditional meridians and trigger points adapted to Western anatomy. Rooted in traditional Chinese medicine with meridian lines. Regulated by Australian Health Practitioners Regulatory Agency and Physiotherapy Registration Board. Minor: Pain, bleeding, or bruising from needle insertion (common).
Purpose Targets muscle trigger points for reflexive relaxation. Aims for local tissue changes, spinal, and brain effects for pain relief and muscle function. Focuses on traditional Chinese medicine assessment methods. Ensures required training levels, registration, and safety measures for public protection. Major: Rare (e.g., pneumothorax, excessive bleeding).
Approach Primarily addresses altered or dysfunctional tissue. Combines traditional needling with Western anatomy understanding. Rooted in traditional Chinese medicine principles. Adheres to safety standards within the physiotherapy scope by regulatory bodies.
View in Medicine/ health care  Considered a physiotherapy intervention. Not considered traditional Chinese medicine. Grounded in traditional Chinese medicine philosophy. Recognized as a legitimate practice within physiotherapy scope.  

 

References : 

  • Hing, W., & McCutcheon, L. (2022). Physio ‘dry needling’ and acupuncture – what’s the difference and what does the evidence say? In Daily Maverick. Daily Maverick.
  • Integrate Physio

 

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